What is Ehlers Danlos syndrome type 3?

Hypermobile EDS is previously known as EDS type 3. Now doctors and physicians use the term hypermobile EDS instead of Type 3.

Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) are rare inherited conditions that affect connective tissue.

Connective tissues provide support in the skin, ligaments, tendons, internal organs, blood vessels, and bones.

Main types of Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS)

More than 11 types of EDS, most of which are very rare. Hypermobile EDS or EDS type 3 (previously known) is the most common.

Hypermobile EDS

People with hEDS may have:

  • hypermobility of the joints
  • Joints that are loose and flexible and quickly dislocate
  • Clicking joints and joint pain
  • extreme exhaustion (fatigue)
  • skin that is easily bruised
  • Heartburn and constipation are two common digestive issues.
  • Standing up causes dizziness and a rise in heart rate.
  • internal organ issues like mitral valve prolapse or organ prolapse
  • regulation issues with the bladder (stress incontinence)

There are currently no accurate tests available to determine whether someone has hEDS.

Other types:

Classical EDS

Classical EDS (cEDS) is a form of EDS that is less common than hypermobile EDS and affects the skin more.

  • Joint hypermobility is a symptom of cEDS.
  • Stretchy skin, loose, unstable joints that dislocate easily
  • Skin that is prone to splitting, particularly on the forehead, knees, shins, and elbows
  • smooth, velvety skin that bruises easily and heals slowly, leaving large scars
  • organ prolapse and hernias

Vascular EDS

Vascular EDS (vEDS) is an uncommon type of EDS that is often regarded as the most dangerous.

It affects blood vessels and internal organs, causing them to rupture and cause life-threatening bleeding.

People with vEDS can experience the following symptoms:

  • Skin prone to bruises. Their skin is very thin and has noticeable tiny blood vessels, particularly on the upper chest and legs.
  • Organ issues such as the bowel tearing
  • Partial collapse of the lungs
  • Hypermobile fingers and toes
  • Womb tearing (in late pregnancy)
  • Irregular facial features (such as a thin nose and lips, wide eyes, and tiny earlobes)
  • Varicose veins
  • Delayed wound healing
  • Fragile blood vessels may bulge or tear, resulting in severe internal bleeding

Kyphoscoliotic EDS

Kyphoscoliotic EDS (kEDS) is a relatively uncommon condition.

  • Curvature of the spine – this begins in early childhood and sometimes worsens during adolescence in people with kEDS.
  • Hypermobility of the joints
  • Loose, unstable joints that dislocate quickly (hypotonia) – this may cause a pause in sitting and walking, as well as trouble walking if symptoms worsen.
  • Vulnerable eyes that are easily affected
  • Skin that is smooth, velvety, and stretchy, bruises easily, and scars easily
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